For Academic Task 1, there are four categories with detailed band descriptors:
- Task achievement/response
- Coherence and cohesion
- Lexical resource
- Grammatical range and accuracy
Task achievement/response – this descriptor looks at how thoroughly the task has been achieved. The Academic version comprises of (a table, graph, chart or diagram), the examiner will look at whether there is an overview (a summary, not including all details), as well as whether information about the key data, trends, etc. is included.
Coherence and cohesion – this descriptor looks at how well the answer is organized and how well the answer progresses. There should be a clear introduction, body (with reasons and support) and a conclusion.
The examiner will also look at the effective use of cohesive devices, such as pronouns, conjunctions, articles, etc., as well as the use of referencing and substitution. Referencing is the ability to correctly replace a noun or noun phrase with a pronoun. Substitution is using substitute forms for words and phrases, instead of repeating the same thing over and over again. Using referencing and substitution properly will help make the writing sound more natural.
Under this descriptor, the examiner will also look at how effectively paragraphs are used and whether they are well-organized.
Lexical resource – this descriptor looks at the use and variety of vocabulary used in the writing. Here the examiner will look at the range of vocabulary, and, at higher band levels, style and collocation. Another important consideration in this descriptor is the frequency of spelling errors, word choice and word formation.
Grammatical range and accuracy – this descriptor looks at the range of structures used in sentences, i.e. simple vs. complex sentence forms. The examiner will also look at the frequency of grammatical errors and punctuation.
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